How To Write Descriptive Essay? Examples,Outline & Ideas

What Is A Descriptive Essay?

descriptive essay


Last Update 07 Oct 2020:

The concept of a descriptive essay is a type of writing or paper that describes an object, individual, method, or event. The purpose of the author is to create a vivid viewing experience or to demonstrate instead of telling (metaphorically).

A descriptive essay typically refers to the five senses: taste, touch, smell, sound, and vision. (Ex: Jack’s coffee mug exploded through tiny glass panes, capturing everybody’s eye in the office.) Always pleasing to the senses is the secret to writing a good descriptive essay.

A descriptive essay mainly consists of an accurate and almost true description of the subject. The subject can be a place, person. Any object, an animal, or phenomenon of nature. These essays are actually about capturing an event or happening in readers’ minds. The formation of a clear picture of an idea and theme is the basics of descriptive writings. The opening or introductory paragraph of the essay is like an announcement of the whole essay. The descriptive essays are interesting enough to grab the attention of the reader completely to the idea presented.

Descriptive Essay Topics & Ideas

descriptive essay topics


It’s not difficult to find descriptive essay subjects. You can explain almost anything — from your favorite car to the current weather. We’ve put together some ideas to help you get going. Luckily, you’re going to find strong descriptive essay themes to inspire your imagination.

Describe a Person

Choose a person you know well — doing that offers you a lot to write about. Choose from family members, friends, academics, etc. You may also write about a star who reveals much of their personal life to the media: Kim Kardashian, Kanye West, or Taylor Swift, for example. A well-known hero like Spider-Man is also fascinating. Such fictional characters have undergone a variety of character studies from both academic and nonacademic viewpoints.


Why is my dad, my favorite person?
How Kim Kardashian has changed my life.

Describe An Object Or A Place

You may also define an entity or a location with which you have special relations. This could be your high school, a playground, or a toy that used to scare you as a child. Fictional sites, too, count!

My native city – Paris
My trip to London

Describe An Emotion

Remember the most genuine emotion you’ve ever felt, and turn it into a descriptive writing essay. You can choose a strong feeling like frustration, pleasure, loss, desire, or rage. This doesn’t have to be a personal feeling, it may have been recorded.

How love changed me
Hatred and love – how they are similar

You may also write a descriptive essay about something that can be identified by human senses: touch, sight, taste , smell, or hearing.

Descriptive Essay Outline

descriptive essay outline


Remember that a formal paper outline is your golden ticket when you think of writing a detailed essay. Not only will it help you to organize your thinking, but it will also help your essays to get stronger.

A descriptive essay outline is composed of the following:

  • An introduction
  • Body paragraphs
  • A Conclusion


The intro aims to introduce your topic to the readers and give them enough information to fully appreciate your work — but keep it short and relevant for the reader(s). When researching how to compose a descriptive essay introduction, note that the first section of your paper is the portion that will make your descriptive essay stand out from others.

As with any college paper, a descriptive essay introduction must contain the following points:

  • Hook Sentence: While the entire paper must be full of thrilling and descriptive details, it is desirable to capture the reader’s attention from the very beginning.
  • Context/background info: give the audience what you’re going to describe and explain why it’s important to you. Please send them a brief history of your article.
  • Thesis Statement: The descriptive essay thesis should be a brief and succinct description of the work. It should include the topic of your description and the intent of your description.

For more information about how to write a thesis for a descriptive essay, see the examples below.


If you were to write about Buckingham Palace: “While the monarchy is long gone, Buckingham Palace helps to remind us of the aesthetic elegance that the period had created.”
In identifying Spider-Man, “The defining characteristics of Spider-Man are his youthfulness, New York City, and the fact that he speaks more to himself than to Hamlet.”
A paragraph about a personal experience of terror: “For many reasons, the dark forest is my biggest fear, but not the kind of fear that I would really like to venture into.”

Body Paragraph(s)

There are normally three sections of the body in the document. They address three points or claims. How often body paragraphs you choose to use in your descriptive essay is completely up to you — or your professor. Sometimes it only takes a sentence to tell a story, and sometimes it takes a novel.

How to write a body paragraph:

  • Begin with a sentence on the subject. Ex. Ex. The orange looks so familiar; it is a round citrus fruit that has the same color as its name.
  • Add some sensory information. Apply to relatable senses when explaining the orange.
  • Include the true info. Often provide descriptive detail in the paragraphs of your body. Finish the body paragraph by adding the next one. Transition sentences are important because they establish immersion in your writing. Your writing will get easier, and it won’t feel like you’re reading a list of statistics.


As per the descriptive essay style, your conclusion should be a description of all the main points in the body text. It’s important to write a final paragraph that applies to the key point of your article. If this has been completed, the document is now complete. We advise you to fix any grammatical mistakes in your descriptive essay.

Descriptive Essay Examples 

If a student has never represented something in a written form, he or she could feel lost that he or she is unable to choose the right tone. Don’t you have any ideas? Look at the example before writing an example of a descriptive essay.

Here are the brief descriptive examples of the essay:

Descriptive essay sample number 1: “How I want to spend my perfect weekend”

descriptive essay example


Descriptive essay sample number 2: My ideal house

descriptive essay examples

Descriptive essay sample number 3:A Visit To The Dentist 

descriptive essay sample 3


Descriptive essay sample number 4:Summar Escape 

descriptive essay sample 4

Descriptive essay sample number 5:Single Parent Struggle

descriptive essay sample 5

Descriptive essay sample number 6: Miami Beach

descriptive essay sample 6

Descriptive essay sample number 7: The Scene At A Funfair

descriptive essay sample

Descriptive essay sample number 8: My Dream Home

descriptive essay sample 8

Descriptive essay sample number 9: Wandering In My Emotions

descriptive essay example 9

Descriptive essay sample number 10: My Favourite Place

descriptive essay examples 10



Close-up techniques:

In a descriptive essay, close-up techniques are used to make the reader visualize your writing. The object or idea used in a descriptive essay makes the readers feel the object first at a distance and later it uses to move closer and closer. So, these essays are important due to their descriptive nature. The readers can recognize, feel, or even imagine the object prescribed in the essay. For this purpose comparative analysis is provided in these essays. Also, the differences are highlighted if required. Academic research writings can be very helpful while writing descriptive essays.

Unusual and striking context:

The material used in this essay is mostly very striking. The reason for this is to draw the attention of the reader towards the essay. There are factual details of the idea placed in the essay. Accuracy in description academies the risk of the reader’s boredom while reading. All incidents are placed in a logical order which creates an unambiguous picture in readers’ minds. All the important details and features are incorporated properly in a descriptive essay. There is balance in detail so that these essays are neither very long nor very short.

Precise mental picture:

To create a proper picture in the reader’s mind, imaginative language is used in a descriptive essay. By this, an interesting picture and comparison are created in the reader’s mind. The comparison in these essays is only of a single impression i.e. good and bad, pleasant and unpleasant, etc. The imaginations used in these essays are very appealing which attracts the reader completely. The perceptions use by the writer is very impressive which creates an excellent impression on the reader’s mind. The information provided is distinctive and interesting which academic writing pro the chances of a reader’s distraction.


Use of literary devices:

In descriptive essays, literary terms are used as devices. It helps to create a connection between writer and reader.  With these tools, the details of the essay are conveyed to the reader very conveniently. The writers use a very selective range of the word which Academic writing pro the risk of using complex words. This makes the reader read the context with ease and understanding. Unnecessary long discussions and descriptions are avoided to keep the balance in detail. Essay writing services in usa provide lots of relevant material for academic writings.


Steps Followed In A Descriptive essay:

To make it more consistent and up to the mark following steps are used in the  descriptive essay:

  • Topic selection
  • Thesis statement
  • Right sense
  • Proper outline
  • Conclusion
  • Review

Comparative analysis:

The writer provides comparative analysis if necessary i.e. general appearances, mannerism, expressions, attitudes, etc. He takes a realistic and interesting account of the events which is very beneficial for the readers. To involve the readers the writer uses different techniques to make the essay qualitative. The reader’s opinion matters a lot in descriptive essays so the writer must keep them in mind while creating some ideas.

 Qualities of descriptive essay:

 There is long and short paragraph to avoid boredom. The use of caption is a common practice in description to keep the reader energetic and wide awake. The language used is precise and comprehensive. The engagement of the reader is given due consideration in descriptive writings. For this purpose professional academic writing services are also very helpful. There is the use of suitable words in descriptive writing to communicate with readers.

Elements Used In Descriptive Essay:

There are some important elements that are used in a descriptive essay. These elements help to make the essay worth reading. These elements are;

  • Sensory details (touch, taste, sight, sound, smell)
  • Figurative language (metaphor, similes, etc.)
  • Dominant impression (paint picture, a feeling of happening, etc.)
  • Precise language (active sentences, avoid passive sentences, precise wordings, etc.)
  • Careful organization (sense of purpose, chronological order, etc.)

Writer’s personal perspective:

In a descriptive essay writer uses his own perspective to create a perception in readers’ minds. Due to this, it becomes easy for him to paint the exact picture of his idea in the reader’s mind. He tries to present the central idea at the very start so that the reader can connect with him very easily. The writer can make use of personification, alliteration, or imagery to depict the picture in the reader’s imagination. Descriptive essays are also important because these are fantastic, imagery as well as informative. The write puts all of his effort to make his readers feel real happening while reading.

Writing and Reviewing Your Descriptive Paper Writing

Writing the paper involves the following steps:

  • The pre-writing process. Here you need to review all the references you have and identify whether they all include relevant details on the subject of your choice.
  • Writing the beginning of this. You must begin your paper with a strong, engaging hook that gets the reader’s attention. It may contain an odd metaphor or an interesting literary quotation.
  • Create the first draft of your descriptive essay. This is where you just need to note down all the terms that come to your mind; you’ll have a chance to narrow down your thoughts later.
  • Add information to your document with the aid of enriched English vocabulary and online reference books. Use your English vocabulary to incorporate missing emotions, such as hearing, to help to make a narrative writing a lasting impression.
  • Edit and rewrite the document with the aid of a number of free online grammar resources.

When you come back to your descriptive essay, here are some questions to ask yourself:

  • Have you given enough context in the introduction?
  • Is it simple to read the paper?
  • Does the thesis relate to the content of the paper?
  • Does the paper have a vibrant, descriptive language?
  • Is the clinker statement going to leave a lasting impact?
  • Is there enough information to make it possible for your readers to have a complete and vivid experience of your description?
  • Is that each segment of your work based on one aspect of your description?
  • Does your paper have any needless specifics in your summary that can be thrown away or substituted by more meaningful data?
  • Overall, if you were a student, does this paper make any sense to you?
  • Are there really any problems with spelling or punctuation?

Often web apps like Grammarly or the Hemingway app will help you sort your grammar. However, it’s always best to learn the laws of grammar yourself by becoming the best writer you will ever be. When you’re sure that you have a final draught, read it out loud or read it to a friend. Often you need some constructive criticism to tie loose ends to your writing.

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